PEACEBUILDING IN SRI LANKA | Daily News

PEACEBUILDING IN SRI LANKA

This piece is written at a time of debate on the new Constitution, Universal Periodic Review of the Sri Lanka at the UN in Geneva and a sense of fatigue on efforts to promote peace. Segments of the Reconciliation Policy approved by Cabinet earlier this year and extracts of elements of Monitoring and Evaluating efforts presented by Secretary to the Ministry of National Integration and Reconciliation are featured.

POLICY PRINCIPLES EQUALITY

Proactively espouse the values of equality, inclusion and justice as essentials towards strengthening peace, security and participatory and democratic governance

Acknowledging the principle of power sharing as the means of reaching a political settlement would address the grievances and aspiration of all communities in the county and is a necessary constituent of reconciliation.

Acknowledging the principle of power sharing as the means of reaching a political settlement would address the grievances and aspiration of all communities in the country and is a necessary constituent of reconciliation.

INTEGRITY

All citizens to have access to their substantive freedoms and promote unequivocal nondiscrimination, transparency, accountability and fairness in all legal, political and administrative mechanisms and proceedings at national, provincial and local levels.

JUSTICE

Transform and strengthen the judicial system so as to adequately deliver swift and expeditious justice, not only to the victims of conflict but also to all citizens.

Actively work towards ensuring access to justice by all citizens and maintaining law and order and the equitable and swift dispensation of justice by way of an impartial and competent judiciary.

Transform and strengthen the judicial system so as to adequately deliver swift and expeditious justice, not only to the victims of conflict but also to all citizens.

INCLUSIVITY

A need to protect the human civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights and freedoms of all citizens, and proactively cultivate a sense of belonging, responsibility and solidarity towards strengthening a shared Sri Lankan identity and values enriched by the nations diverse ethnic, religious and cultural heritage.

Ensure the right of every citizen to use and demand services in Sinhala and Tamil, the National and Official languages of Sri Lanka as enshrined in the Constitution and collectively work towards achieving trilingual competencies in Sinhala, Tamil and English languages.

The state shall endeavour to create an inclusive society by setting up mechanisms to actively encourage the participation of groups which have formerly been marginalized in decision making as well as in access to opportunities and services.

DEVELOPMENT

Emphasize that while development is instrumental to the eradication of poverty, attaining universal education and good governance, all development processes must be underpinned by the tenets of the rights based approach to development and respect for the environment and towards assuring sustainability, empowerment, inclusion, equity and dignity, while focusing on redressing the development imbalances prevalent in different districts of the country.

Every effort must be taken to ensure equal development and that outcomes of developments reach all parts and communities in the countries equally.

MUTUAL TRUST

Citizens of Sri Lanka to pledge to fulfil their responsibility to foster a sense of solidarity and unity in diversity thus assuring ultimately the positive interaction of rights and responsibilities as equal partners towards achieving peace, cohesion and reconciliation in Sri Lanka.


Monitoring and Evaluation for Effective Peacebuilding

Why Results Based Management in Government?

* Widespread perception around the world “Governments have not delivered what was expected from them”

* Traditionally Government structures are characterized by rule based approach (Compliance with procedures, rules and regulations.) Performance has been based on compliance instead of results. Civil servants rarely held accountable for results.

Why Results Based Management in Government?

* Consensus among Management Experts that “What gets measured gets done”

* The purpose of RBM is

- to move the focus of Department from process orientation to results orientation.

- provide an objective and fair basis to assess the departments overall performance.

Results focus

* Governments are increasingly being called upon to be more accountable for results

* Citizens, parliamentarians and media expect “national public management” to focus beyond inputs, activities and outputs towards “outcomes” and “impacts.

Challenges

*Measuring and quantifying the impact of peacebuilding and reconciliation interventions is a challenging task.

*Peacebuilding outcomes such as equity, inclusiveness, unity, mutual trust and understanding, brotherhood, respecting and valuing diversity are relationships and attitude oriented and as such difficult to quantify.

*Different Actors (Political Authorities, Communities, Victims, and Donors) have different expectations on the outcomes.

*Difficult to agree on acceptable indicators for measuring peace and reconciliation. 


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