Holiness of dance | Daily News

Holiness of dance

The oldest Natyasastra contains 6, 000 verses which are popularly known as the theory of Indian Aesthetics Natyasastra is believed to have been produced by sage Bharata. This authentic work of Bharata elaborately deals with dance, drama, music and numerous other Indian fine arts. Natyasastra deals with numerous aspects of dance including literary aspects of dance and drama, the origin of dance, drama and stagecraft. It includes numerous aspects such as cultural projection, linguistic, literary, arts, crafts, costumes and ornaments. Besides, it consists of various nuances, including numerous aspects of Abhinaya, Bhavas and Rasas. Earlier dance and drama were considered as a single entity. The Natyasastra was originally written in Sanskrit containing 6, 000 verses in 36 chapters. The title Natya has been interpreted by different scholars differently. Some interpret the Natyasastra as a theoretical foundation for dramatic arts including dance and other fine arts. But etymologically, it refers to dance. The tradition of Natyasastra is the outcome of the theoretical practice of hereditary artistes who preserved and passed the theoretical tradition orally from generation to generation.

Especially its basic theme deals with dramatic art and dance. Sage Bharata Muni wanted the plays to be a Drusya Kavya. Drusya Kavya means a successful and profitable representation of plays on the stage. This vital relationship between the literary and the technical aspects of a play has been analyzed by Sage Bharata Muni in his ancient elaborate literary work Natya Sastra. As mentioned earlier, in ancient times dance and drama were considered and practised together. Earlier there was no proper division or separation between the two performing art forms.

The drama based principles, as well as the practical application of the art, is elaborately discussed in the Natya Sastra. Hence the manual deals with Abhinaya, hand gestures, foot positions, body positions (Isthana positions) and facial expressions. One of the important aspects of dance is Lassiya. In Lassiya, Bhavas play a vital role, it is displayed through Anga Abhinayas and facial expressions. The hand gestures used in Abhinaya are called Nirtya hands or working hands. These hand gestures are very important to explain and expound the meaning of the song. Hand gestures are equally important for Abhinaya and Adavus. The hand gestures used for Adavus (steps) are called grace hands. Very limited hand gestures are used in Adavus. The hand gestures, used in Adavus are called Nritta hastas or grace hands.

Earlier there was no proper division or separation between the two performing art forms. In earlier days dance and drama were considered under a single identity named Koothu. It includes numerous aspects such as cultural projection, linguistic, literary, arts, crafts, costumes and ornaments. The drama based principles, as well as the practical application of the art, is elaborately discussed in the Natya Sastra. Hence the manual deals with Abhinaya, hand gestures, foot positions, body positions (Isthana positions) and facial expressions. One of the important aspects of dance is Lassiya. In Lassiya, Bhavas play a vital role. It is displayed through Anga Abhinayas and facial expressions. The hand gestures used in Abhinaya are called Nirtya hands or working hands. These hand gestures are very important to explain and expound the meaning of the song. Hand gestures are equally important for Abhinaya and Adavus. The hand gestures used for Adavus (steps) are called grace hands. Very limited hand gestures are used in Adavus. The hand gestures, used in Adavus are called Nritta hastas or grace hands. These hand gestures are further divided into two main divisions. One is single hand gestures and the other is double hand gestures. Single hand gestures are generally called Aasamutha hasthas and the double hand gestures are called Samutha hasthas.


 

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