For the well-being of mankind | Daily News
Significance of Navam Full Moon Poya Day

For the well-being of mankind

The Buddha said “Go forth Bhikkhus into the world taking the message to them, explain to them what I have explained for the wellbeing of the majority.’’ Then the Buddha himself set out for the Rajagaha where on his way he preached the doctrine to Three Jatila Brothers helping them to attain Arhathship together with 1,000 disciples.  
 
It was on this day that the Buddha preached a discourse known as ‘Ovada Patimokkha’, which established the tradition of the Sangha coming together before the rules of Vinaya. After, attaining enlightenment, Sakyamuni Gautama proceeded to Saranath and delivered His first sermon and subsequently the second and third sermons.

The disciples listened to them with utmost faith and attained Arhathship. Realising that there were now, sufficient disciples to start the pioneer movement for the propagation of the Dharma, He addressed the 60 Arhaths to fulfil the Sasanic tour for the well being of mankind.

The Buddha said “Go forth Bhikkhus into the world taking the message to them, explain to them what I have explained for the wellbeing of the majority.’’ Then the Buddha himself set out for the Rajagaha where on his way he preached the doctrine to Three Jatila Brothers helping them to attain Arhathship together with 1,000 disciples.

Unique opportunity

The next notable event was the arrival of the two youths - two friends, Kolitha, Upathissa who belonged to leading families of the day. They came with their retinue numbering two hundred and fifty. They all obtained the eye of Dhamma. Here, they got the unique opportunity of entering the Order. The Buddha assembled the 1,250 Bhikkhus to one place and pronounced ‘Kolitha and Upathissa’ the chief disciples of the Sasana naming them as Sariputta and Moggallana. This event occurred on the Navam Full Moon Poya Day.

The Buddha explained that they received permission (Niyata Vivarana) from a previous Buddha, Anomadassi who with his divine vision and insight had predicted that they would be the next chief disciples in the Sasana. Ever since they had fulfilled Parami Dhamma, leading a life of piety and sanctity. This supreme position was an outcome of the extremely pious lives led throughout Sansara, by the two friends and the culmination was on the Navam Full Moon day. The period of two decades since the enlightenment of Sakyamuni Gauthama is recorded in Sasanic history as the ‘First Bodhi Period’. The Vinaya – the code of discipline of the Sangha community is said to be par-excellent.

Hence there was no necessity for enacting laws or rules and regulations.

Well-discoursed

The main reason for a well-disciplined Sangha Samaja was the proper observance of Kusala Kamma throughout Sansara till they finally met Sakyamuni Gautama under whom they attained Nibbana. They responded well to the discourses of the Buddha and attained Margapala immediately.

The most important events which everyone knows in the Buddhist calendar are:

Visaka Puja - birth, enlightenment and parinibbana.

Asalha Puja - Rains retreat (Vassana).

Marga Puja – which falls usually in February is a reflection on the Sangha.

It signifies the early period of the establishment of the Sangha. It commemorates the day when 1,250 Arhaths came together to hear the teachings of the Buddha. It was on this day that the Buddha preached a discourse known as ‘Ovada Patimokkha’, which established the tradition of the Sangha coming together before the rules of Vinaya.

This discourse which is referred to as the basis and the foundation of the Buddha’s teachings was delivered on the first Navam full moon day after the enlightenment.

It is said to have created a very disciplined and orderly Sangha Samaja to preserve the doctrine. ‘Ovada Patimokkha’ was the guiding principle in Sangha life covering the entire sphere of conduct and moral progress of them.

Having preached for 45 years Sakyamuni Gautama was getting ready for his Parinibbana known as ‘Aayu Sanskara’.

Ananda Thera who used to have a close watch of the Buddha failed for a moment to extend his invitation to live further. His failure to do the needful at the correct time gave the opportunity for Mara to fulfil his objective of seeing the end of the Tathagata.

The Buddha complied with the request of Mara with universal love and compassion towards all beings for the final deliverance from the miseries of existence, leaving behind the great doctrine, Aayu Sanskara was determined on this Navam Full Moon Poya Day in the Buddhist calendar.