Life, Work and Philosophy | Daily News
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Birth Centenary

Life, Work and Philosophy

The Bangladeshi Parliament - the Jatiya Sangsad (or House of the Nation)
The Bangladeshi Parliament - the Jatiya Sangsad (or House of the Nation)

Part 4

In human history, many atrocious figures out of their greed for power decided to wipe out a human race. Yahya was the cruellest among them. These expedients never come to light and these power blind people never understand it. However, Bangabandhu knew Yahya was ready with a huge blow. So, he prepared his men from March 7 to March 25 in many different ways. Finally, on March 25 at 12.00 a.m., he instructed youth leaders under the guidance of Sheikh Fazlul Haque Moni, and told them to leave his house. Lastly, after giving all the directions pertaining Liberation War to Awami League’s General Secretary Tajuddin Ahmed, he bade him farewell. According to late Awami League leader Abdus Samad Azad and then BSF's Chief Golok Majumdar’s interview, he gave the direction of forming the Bangladesh government either in Meherpur of Kushtia or in the Tea Garden area of Sylhet.

71’s War of Liberation and Bangabandhu

 

Bangladesh's War of Independence in 1971 is the highest achievement of Bangabandhu’s keen insight upon politics. Here, he made the world see an unprecedented fusion of revolution and regulatory politics, which is slightly

Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman 

noticeable in the American struggle of independence. But, nowhere had it looked as thriving as Bangladesh’s one. Bangabandhu sent all his fellows to the revolution. But that revolution was also run in an organised method. First step of this organised method was forming the Government of Bangladesh, under the elected mass representatives of Bangladesh. That is to say, revolutionaries are the public representatives. Besides, as the leader of public representatives, when Pakistan’s military president Yahya Khan escaped the table of discussion furtively and directed “Operation Searchlight” upon the unarmed people of Bangladesh, Bangabandhu immediately delivered the official declaration of independence. On March 26 at 12.20 a.m., he delivered the message, “This may be my last message. From today Bangladesh is independent. I call upon the people of Bangladesh wherever you might be and with whatever you have, to resist the army of the occupation to the last. Your fight must go on until the last soldier of the Pakistan army of occupation is expelled from the soil of Bangladesh. Final victory is ours.”

Bangabandhu's declaration of independence was published on March 26 and 27, 1971 in almost 50 newspapers around the globe in different languages. The cosmopolites of the world got to know Bangladesh's leader Sheikh Mujibur Rahman declared the independence of his country. Alongside Bangabandhu demonstrated that he declared independence as an elected leader, not as a secessionist who cut and ran from the battlefield. Since he used his residence as his office, he declared independence from there. He spearheaded the nation toward the War of Independence. He knew Yahya would either detain him or kill him and in doing so, Yahya would be demonstrated as separatist to the world. Yahya perpetrated so. That’s why Yahya had been designated as a secessionist after arresting Bangabandhu. Bangabandhu’s activists, according to his guidance, prepared a declaration of independence and a constitutional government was formed on April 10, 1971. This government was built upon the framework of Bangabandhu’s declaration of independence. Ultimately, the Bangladesh government took oath very quickly in a constitutional manner on April 17, 1971.

No country of the world for state revolution or liberation didn’t come across such a long way in a regulatory manner to form the government. Considered from one standpoint, Bangabandhu is the only leader of the world. Yahya got completely unmatched against Bangabandhu’s political footpace. And there lay fifty percent of our victory in the war of liberation. That means the Government of Bangladesh was valid and Yahya was a separatist. Thus, before the commencement of the war, Bangabandhu brought fifty percent of the victory. After that, Yahya took the final step on August 3, 1971. He informed that Bangabandhu’s trial would be held under military court. In doing so, he’d harshly been denounced by democratic and socialist countries of the world. Yahya took the post of President under trial in an illegitimate manner. Yahya lost the support of freedom-seeking and democratic people of the world due to his pursuance of the trial. People’s support shifted toward Bangladesh and Bangabandhu. Sitting in jail and being in custody, Bangabandhu furthered thirty percent of the liberation war. Bangabandhu is the only leader of the world who solely accomplished eighty percent War of Independence through his strategic undertakings, making him and his guidance present psychologically among all the freedom fighters. It would be mistaken to say that Bangabandhu was absent during the liberation war.

Bangabandhu’s Homecoming

 

Bangladesh Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman inspecting a Guard of Honour.

The inception of the war of liberation was marked as a war to expel usurper and form an independent country. Bangabandhu planned of forming a regulatory government and validating arm resistance against occupants paved the way to this. For nine months the war has been marked to all the freedom-seeking people of the world. No leader of the world could characterise a war in this way. That’s why, the victory of Bangladesh was foreordained. On December 16, 1971, Pakistani occupants surrendered to the joint force of Bangladesh and India. None of their allies particularly America and China didn’t come forward to protect them as Bangladesh got a moral win around the globe and their leader Sheikh Mujib has been signified as a world leader. Consequently, after December 16, Yahya stepped down from the chair and new President Julfikar Ali Bhutto released Bangabandhu on January 8, 1972. Those who were in the anti-Bangladesh wing during the liberation war like America, the Muslim World and China, they also expected Bangabandhu’s emancipation. After December 16, two realities appeared before the world: one, through nine months’ war of independence, numerous armed forces were formed around the country with the regular freedom fighters; and two, Indian forces were inside Bangladesh. To resolve these two problems, the entire world found the urgency of Bangabandhu’s presence for the newly born country. No one expected he could disarm the armed forces and send back Indian forces to their own land.

Ultimately, Pakistan was pressurised by international bodies immediately after December 16 to send back Bangabandhu to his own land. Bangabandhu returned home on January 10 via London and Delhi respectively. Upon returning, he sent back the troops of armed forces to their respective countries. According to his speech from March 12, 1972, Indian forces were sent back to their homeland.

Membership of United Nations

 

No other country in the world had so quickly gained regulatory and peaceful state after an armed revolution. It had only been possible because of Bangabandhu’s taking responsibility of this new born country as a democratic leader of a democratic government. Generally history says that after this kind of armed war, an autocratic ruling system takes charge of the government. Bangabandhu didn’t do so. He kept marching forward with the country through liberal democracy, and it only came to light following his charismatic leadership.

People stored optimism, keeping faith upon his words and moved ahead. Bangabandhu was strategically advancing the country choosing the path of liberal democracy which helped him get quick recognition from the then polarised world of democracy and socialism. Thereby, Bangladesh got recognition from many countries within the first year of her liberation. In 1973, Bangladesh joined the Non-aligned Movement and on July 10 in the same year Bangladesh got the membership of the Commonwealth. On September 26, 1974, Bangladesh became a member of the United Nations. Emerging as an independent country in the world, Bangabandhu’s leadership and his invented foreign policy proved functional at its best. His foreign policy was “Friendship with all, hostility to none.” For any smaller country Bangabandhu’s foreign policy in building social and international relationships can be an ideal indeed.

Second Phase of Political Philosophy

 

From 1948 to January 25, 1975, Bangabandhu completed the first phase of his political philosophy and objectives. To put it briefly, in this phase Bangabandhu built-up a nation based on language and free from religion based blindness. Then, he prepared them for individual economic right and right to the land. He then established an independent land and an independent state through armed resistance with proper prior preparation.

Bangabandhu introduced and established his country around the globe with proper respect. Afterwards, he brought a slight change to the structure of the government and that is, instead of Prime Minister, President will be the head of the government. Besides, he kept the parliamentary system to nominate candidates through suffrage of the people. He brought a balance to the state power creating two centres, President and Parliament. On the other hand, keeping parliamentary elections open, he formed a national party. That means anyone can participate in the election under the banner of that national party.

These two principles are very important to bring radical changes to the state and its politics of a third world country and to have a strong economic condition under the structure. Because without the balance of power, its proper use can’t be ensured. On the other hand, the weak side of parliamentary democracy in third world countries is that the different political parties divide people in many groups for their own interests over different issues. This division becomes an obstacle in the way of development. Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, to put an end to this barrier, brought a change to his democratic framework through his second revolution. On the flip side, to bring economic development and people’s power to grass root level, he empowered the smallest unit of the state by launching district government method. His political journey of his 2nd phase just started. Within seven months of this journey, an internal and international faction collaboratively conducted a killing spree upon Bangabandhu and his family members by some soldiers of the army. His killing wasn’t a separate one. It was a plot to push Bangladesh back.

The first phase of his politics is a part of glory in the history of the entire world, and his second revolution is an instruction for the third world countries. The biggest crisis that a third world country faces is the lack of unity and good governance.

According to him, both are possible by balancing power through launching one platform politics and empowering the grass-root level activists.

Concluded